The former pathway « Plasmas : de l’espace au laboratoire » of the master’s program « Optics, Matter and Plasmas » and the two pathways « Magnetic confinement fusion» and « Inertial confinement fusion » of the master’s program « Sciences of fusion » are combined into a new master’s program when starting the 2015 university term.
This program is jointly operated in Paris area by several universities and engineer schools accredited by the French Ministery for high education and research : University Pierre and Marie Curie (UPMC) and University of Paris-Saclay with as operating institutions: University Paris Sud, Ecole Polytechnique (X), Centrale-Supelec and the national Institute for nuclear sciences and techniques (INSTN).
The pathway « Physics of Plasmas and Fusion (PPF) » aims at educating high level physicists keen on plasma physics. The plasma – the fourth state of the matter – represents 99% of the visible matter in the universe and is therefore a key element in the studies of the astrophysical processes, like as examples, star birth, solar eruptions, heliosphere wind turbulences, interplanetary shocks or boreal auroras. Cold plasmas for processes play an increasing role in our society where applications are more and more numerous ; many labs in Paris area region provide particular opportunities for this master’s program. It involves theory, simulation and experimentation within research labs and close to large national facilities: space missions like Solar Orbiter, Magnetosphere Multiscale Mission, Tokamaks ITER et WEST, powerful lasers LMJ, Apollon, Petal.
During their optional courses, one part of the students are gathered with the GI-Large facilities master’s class nearby the large facilities : Tokamaks in Cadarache, LMJ and Petal lasers in Bordeaux, within the national framework of the federation «Education for sciences of Plasmas and Fusion» (FedSPF) to attend specialized courses and have hands-on using these research facilities.